Virtual Currency

Virtual Currency

A virtual currency, unlike conventional currencies, is a currency not issued by any bank. Some examples include Bitcoin, Litecoin, etc. Generally, digital currencies are stored in and traded through software, applications, and networks. 

Types of Virtual Currency 

There are two types of virtual currencies in terms of legal status: centralized and decentralized. 

Centralized 

There is a central administrator or repository for a centralized virtual currency. The issuer of a virtual currency is usually the primary administrator of that currency. In a regulated currency system, the role is similar to that of a central bank. An example is a centralized virtual currency like XRP. 

Decentralized 

A decentralized currency, on the other hand, does not have a central administrator. Instead, the transactions of decentralized virtual money will be authenticated by a distributed mechanism. 

Many decentralized currencies, including Bitcoin, Litecoin, and Ethereum, are built on blockchain networks. A blockchain network combines encryption with a collection of data known as blocks. When a transaction is performed, it is disseminated over the network of several computers (nodes). However, the value of such currencies varies, which means there is a need to understand the market perfectly. And this is why some employ tools like The News Spy, a trading bot, to help them monitor and analyze the market trend. 

After the network has confirmed the transaction, a permanent and irreversible block containing the transaction data is added to the current blockchain. The transaction is finished and properly recorded. The lack of a centralized authority, on the other hand, raises regulatory problems. The decentralized architecture can be used for money laundering and other criminal transactions.  

Advantages 

Convenience 

Virtual currencies have several advantages, the most important of which is their convenience. Because virtual currencies are network-based, they are quick and straightforward to use. They are instrumental in international transactions. 

Decentralized 

Decentralization also eliminates the need for intermediaries. It reduces transaction costs and eliminates the central administrator’s security failure. 

Seamless Transaction 

Virtual currencies use a specific form of technology to transfer funds from one account to another effortlessly. Furthermore, based on the amount of money at stake or the location of each account, this can happen. 

Disadvantages 

There is no comprehensive regulation in place. 

Virtual currency rules are insufficiently broad and methodical, preventing their widespread acceptance. Decentralized virtual currencies present the potential for unlawful activities and money laundering because a central administration does not supervise them. 

Volatile 

The value of a virtual currency is very volatile when it is not under the control of a central bank. As a result, it is a less desirable tool for storing value or serving as a medium of trade.  

Security 

Security problems are also raised by virtual currency. Despite advances in encryption technology, the loss or leakage of authentication information remains a possibility and can result in significant losses for virtual currency holders.   

Encourages crime 

Criminals can launder their money as demonstrated; they frequently invest it in virtual currency because no one can track or trace it. 

Conclusion 

The terms “digital currency,” “virtual currency,” and “cryptocurrency” are all used interchangeably. 

Digital currency is a broad term that refers to all digitally stored monetary assets. Cryptocurrency is a subset of virtual currency, which is a subset of digital currency. There are two types of digital currency: regulated and uncontrolled. A country’s central bank issues a controlled digital currency that can be denominated in a sovereign currency. As a result, the regulated form of digital currency is subject to monetary policy. 

A sort of unregulated digital currency is a virtual currency. Instead of a central bank, a private issuer issues and controls it. As a result, it is unaffected by monetary policy. It is possible to have centralized or decentralized virtual money. Cryptography is used in some virtual currencies, whereas it is not used in others. 

Cryptocurrency is a sort of virtual currency that makes use of cryptography to safeguard and validate monetary transactions. Blockchain networks are essential to cryptocurrencies. As a result, cryptocurrencies are decentralized virtual currencies. 

Copyright Lyonsdown Limited 2021

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